Anatomy of the Hip

The hip is a ball-and-socket joint. The ball is the femur or thighbone, and the socket is the acetabulum or pelvic bone. The hip joint’s primary function is to support the body’s weight and aid in balance and posture.

The Importance of the Hip

Having a healthy hip is important when participating in rigorous sports activities, but also when doing small movements like sitting down and standing up. If you are working with an unhealthy hip, pain can occur even when you’re sitting down, doing nothing. Avoiding activities that can increase pain is nearly impossible, which is why it is important if you’re having severe hip pain to see an orthopaedic doctor.

Anatomy of the Knee

The knee is one of the most complex joints you have in your body. The main component of the knee is the juncture between the tibia and the femur. The tibia is your shinbone and the femur is your thighbone. The other component that comprises the knee joint is a smaller bone that runs across the tibia. This bone is known as the patella or kneecap.

The steadiness of the knee joint is dependent upon the strength of the ligaments that connect the bones in your knee. The movement of the knee relies on the tendons that link the your leg muscles to the bones in your knee.

One of the most sensitive areas of the knee is the meniscus. The meniscus is found between the tibia and femur and is made up of cartilage. The meniscus has many functions within the knee joint, including protection of the joint surface and absorption of any shock or forces exerted. The meniscus absorbs all of the shock that comes from actions such as jumping, walking and running.

Importance of the Knee

The knee is one of the larger joints in your body and important in your day-to-day activities. An injury to your knee can affect almost everything you do. Lifting and carrying weight, including your own weight, are important activities that are extremely dependent upon having healthy knee joints. If you feel you’re having a knee joint problem, please don’t hesitate to follow up with one of our specialists.